James patterson smith death

Want exclusive content, like free chapters, news, and sweepstakes? Register for the newsletter here! CO A 169th Regt OVI children: Abram C (d 8-9-1890 age 35) , Ann E, Alice J, Emma P Fraizer James P. Smith, an old and highly respected resident of Chester township, died at 1 o'clock Monday afternoon, after a short illness of typhoid fever. He was 70 years of age. His wife died two years ago, and he leaves five... Although a life-long Democrat, he served as a school-desegregation adviser to the Republican administration of President Nixon, as well as a friend, adviser, and appointee of several Mississippi governors. James Patterson Smith is an associate professor of history at the University of Southern Mississippi. James Patterson Smith had a violent history. In his 40s, he started dating 17-year-old Kelly Anne Bates. Over the period of 4 weeks, Smith gouged her eyes, scalded her skin, partially scalped her, mutilated and killed her. The pathologist in charge of the case described her injuries as the worst he...James Patterson Smith had a long history of abusing the women he lived with. His first marriage ended in accusations of physical violence. In the weeks leading up to her death, Smith was starving Bates and even kept her tied to a radiator by her hair.Apr 21, 2020 · SMITH, Mr. James Patterson Sr., 84, of Mechanicsville, departed this life on April 17, 2020. Jim was preceded in death by his beloved wife, Nancy Smith; his brother, Bobby Smith; Author James Patterson said in a statement, "I apologize for saying white male writers having trouble finding work is a form of racism." James Patterson Apologizes After Backlash: "I Absolutely Do Not Believe That Racism Is Practiced Against White Writers". By Tom Tapp.James Patterson Smith takes us through life and death accounts of storm day, August 29, 2005, and the precarious days of food and water shortages that followed. Along the way the narrative treats us to inspiring episodes of neighborly compassion and creative responses to the greatest natural disaster in... continental drift strain James Patterson Smith, 49, was found guilty of murdering Kelly Anne Bates at the home they shared in Gorton, Greater Manchester, in the north west. He had gouged out her eyes, probably with his hands, up to three weeks before her death and stabbed her in the face and body with scissors and forks...James Lloydovich Patterson's story begins in 1932, when his father, Lloyd Patterson, traveled to the Soviet Union along with several other black Americans During a Victory Day parade just a few years before Stalin's death, Patterson marched passed Lenin's mausoleum on Red Square with his fellow...Apr 21, 2020 · SMITH, Mr. James Patterson Sr., 84, of Mechanicsville, departed this life on April 17, 2020. Jim was preceded in death by his beloved wife, Nancy Smith; his brother, Bobby Smith; Mar 05, 2012 · James Patterson Smith takes us through life and death accounts of storm day, August 29, 2005, and the precarious days of food and water shortages that followed. Along the way the narrative treats us to inspiring episodes of neighborly compassion and creative responses to the greatest natural disaster in American history. Apr 21, 2020 · SMITH, Mr. James Patterson Sr., 84, of Mechanicsville, departed this life on April 17, 2020. Jim was preceded in death by his beloved wife, Nancy Smith; his brother, Bobby Smith; In 1996, James Patterson Smith reportedly abused his 17-year-old girlfriend, Kelly-Anne Bates, for more than a month before he ended her life. Adrienne Shelly, Staged Suicide. A Whole Family in Appomattox. Kelly Anne Bates, Tortured to Death.All Professional Baseball Statistics for Jim Patterson. Full Name: James Michael Patterson. View Player Info from the B-R Bullpen. Total Zone Rating and initial framework for Wins above Replacement calculations provided by Sean Smith.James Patterson Smith had a long history of abusing the women he lived with. His first marriage ended in accusations of physical violence. In the weeks leading up to her death, Smith was starving Bates and even kept her tied to a radiator by her hair.Hyrum Smith Patterson in MyHeritage family trees (Patterson Web Site (FamilySearch)). Joseph Randall Patterson, Dorcas Lou Patterson, Ann Bell Paterson, Samuel Paterson, James Cummings Randall Death of Hyrum Smith Patterson. Spanish Fork, Utah County, Utah, United States.Apr 21, 2020 · SMITH, Mr. James Patterson Sr., 84, of Mechanicsville, departed this life on April 17, 2020. Jim was preceded in death by his beloved wife, Nancy Smith; his brother, Bobby Smith; Discover more posts about James-Patterson-Smith. After realising that Bates was dead, Smith went to the police station and said he had accidentally killed her after an argument. She had been kept locked in the house and brutally tortured for up to a month prior to her death.Apr 06, 2022 · She had been starved, losing at least 44 pounds, and had not been given any water for several days before her death. Her documented injuries are as follows: Scalding to her buttocks and left leg Burns on her thigh caused by the application of a hot iron A fractured arm Multiple stab wounds caused by knives, forks and scissors Jun 09, 2018 · June 9, 2018 On April 16, 1996, James Patterson Smith told police that his teenage girlfriend, Kelly Anne Bates, had accidentally drowned. But the sickening injuries they found on her body indicated torture and murder far worse than they could ever imagine. Focus Features Kelly Anne Bates Kelly brought her boyfriend, James Patterson Smith, to meet her parents. After breaking the news that she was in a relationship - and had been James Smith pleaded innocent because her death, while not accidental, and her deliberate injuries were, in fact, Kelly's idea. He argued that she taunted and...James Patterson - Thriller; Stories to Keep You Up All Night Patterson James ... James Patterson - Alex Cross 01 - Along Came a Spider Patterson James ...James Brendan Patterson (born March 22, 1947) is an American author. He is largely known for his novels about fictional psychologist Alex Cross, the protagonist of the Alex Cross series. Patterson also wrote the Michael Bennett, Women's Murder Club, Maximum Ride, Daniel X, and Witch and Wizard series, as well as many s James Patterson Smith had a violent history. In his 40s, he started dating 17-year-old Kelly Anne Bates. Over the period of 4 weeks, Smith gouged her eyes, scalded her skin, partially scalped her, mutilated and killed her. The pathologist in charge of the case described her injuries as the worst he...Mar 05, 2012 · James Patterson Smith takes us through life and death accounts of storm day, August 29, 2005, and the precarious days of food and water shortages that followed. Along the way the narrative treats us to inspiring episodes of neighborly compassion and creative responses to the greatest natural disaster in American history. James Patterson Smith. 15:50. Dual Exaust Installation in my Rx8 || Acceleration, Drift.May 23, 2017 · The Florida man who claimed his girlfriend choked to death during oral sex was found not guilty of second-degree murder Monday. Richard Patterson, 65, of Margate, was acquitted of killing 60-year-o… air force tech results Man Grieves Over Dead Wife. You Won't Believe What Happens Next!Bestselling author James Patterson apologized on twitter after authors and publishing industry professionals criticized him for suggesting that Patterson — whose autobiography will be published by Hachette Book Group imprint, Little, Brown & Co., this week — faced backlash for comments he...Джеймс ПаттерсонJames Patterson. Сообщать о новых книгах.James Patterson Smith. An investigation showed that Bates' blood was in every single room of the house; her autopsy concluded that there were over 150 separate injuries on her body. They were not the result of one sudden eruption of violence, either.New Release: James Patterson by James Patterson (it's good so far) #booktube #jamespatterson. When Kelly Anne Bates met James Patterson Smith she didn't know how much of a monster he was. The story that unfolded is a ...Author James Patterson said in a statement, "I apologize for saying white male writers having trouble finding work is a form of racism." James Patterson Apologizes After Backlash: "I Absolutely Do Not Believe That Racism Is Practiced Against White Writers". By Tom Tapp.Apr 06, 2022 · She had been starved, losing at least 44 pounds, and had not been given any water for several days before her death. Her documented injuries are as follows: Scalding to her buttocks and left leg Burns on her thigh caused by the application of a hot iron A fractured arm Multiple stab wounds caused by knives, forks and scissors On April 16, 1996, middle-aged James Smith drowned his 17-year-old girlfriend, Kelly-Anne, in the bath.⁣ ⁣ Kelly-Anne had been brutally tortured by James for around 4 weeks prior to being murdered.⁣ ⁣⁣ Detective Sergeant Joseph Monaghan said he has never seen a case as horrific as this in his 15 years on the police force.⁣ ⁣⁣⁣ I really hope that was after death. If one thing makes me wince in these scenarios it's the thought of having your eyes pulled out and feeling every single bit of it. EDIT: I read on... The pathologist determined that her eyes had been removed "not less than five days and not more than three weeks... licensing executive job description James Patterson Smith 1948-? James P. Smith era divorziato e disoccupato, viveva a Gorton, nell'area di Manchester. Veniva descritto come "casalingo e ben curato", era astemio e non fumatore.Apr 21, 2020 · SMITH, Mr. James Patterson Sr., 84, of Mechanicsville, departed this life on April 17, 2020. Jim was preceded in death by his beloved wife, Nancy Smith; his brother, Bobby Smith; James Brendan Patterson (born March 22, 1947) is an American author. He is largely known for his novels about fictional psychologist Alex Cross, the protagonist of the Alex Cross series. Patterson also wrote the Michael Bennett, Women's Murder Club, Maximum Ride, Daniel X, and Witch and Wizard series, as well as many s Due popular demand by our viewers, we recount the tragic death of Kelly Anne Bates - an English teenager who was murdered in Manchester, England at the age of 17 by her abuser and live in partner, James Patterson Smith, who was roughly 30 years her senior.1 November 2015 · This man James Patterson Smith is a coward and Monster, who blinded and crippled and then tortured and murdered kelly anne bates ! He cant pick on a man so to satisy his spineless small dick he picks on women ! Wish his mother saw this , a total pathetic useless trash that this man has become , a brutal pedophilic murderer . ... James Patterson Smith. That would mean that when James and Kelly Anne started dating he was 48 years old and she was 14. Hace 3 años. 15 years after the tragic death of Laci Peterson, Fox News revisits the murder case that gripped the nation.James Patterson Smith had a violent history. In his 40s, he started dating 17-year-old Kelly Anne Bates. Over the period of 4 weeks, Smith gouged her eyes, scalded her skin, partially scalped her, mutilated and killed her. The pathologist in charge of the case described her injuries as the worst he had ever seen. James Patterson Smith. 84 years old. Date of birth: December 4th, 1935. Place of birth: Danville, Virginia, United States. Date of passing: April 17th, 2020. Place of passing: Mechanicsville, Virginia, United States. This memorial website was created in the memory of our loved one, James Smith, 84, born on December 4th, 1935 and passed away on ... James Brendan Patterson (born March 22, 1947) is an American author. He is largely known for his novels about fictional psychologist Alex Cross, the protagonist of the Alex Cross series. Patterson also wrote the Michael Bennett, Women's Murder Club, Maximum Ride, Daniel X, and Witch and Wizard series, as well as many s openosrs plugins discord Speaking to the Sunday Times, crime novelist James Patterson said that "white older male writers" aren't getting hired — claiming "racism" is to blame. Writers who look like James Patterson are having a tough go of it, the 75-year-old author has claimed.Author James Patterson said in a statement, "I apologize for saying white male writers having trouble finding work is a form of racism." James Patterson Apologizes After Backlash: "I Absolutely Do Not Believe That Racism Is Practiced Against White Writers". By Tom Tapp.James Patterson Smith. Smith was divorced and had a violent history towards young women. One girl, only 20 was beaten while pregnant with his child. The next was a 15 year old whom he tried to drown in the kitchen sink. Kelly Anne Bates. Bates had kept her relationship with Smith secret for two...James Patterson Smith had a violent history. In his 40s, he started dating 17-year-old Kelly Anne Bates. Over the period of 4 weeks, Smith gouged her eyes, scalded her skin, partially scalped her, mutilated and killed her. The pathologist in charge of the case described her injuries as the worst he...Smith had stabbed himself in the heart. Despite emergency surgery, he was pronounced dead 20 However, within weeks of Smith's death, rumours began to emerge that painted a markedly different LAPD detective James King would not comment on the coroner's report, nor on Chiba's allegation...Daniel Harris's Company Smith Patterson, Sergent Lewis Patterson George Patterson James Bettis. In 1755, Smith appears on the Granville NC taxpayers list along James had fathered 15 children with two wives before his death at what was a very young age. In the 1860 census of McNairy, TN, Nancy...James Patterson Smith had a violent history. In his 40s, he started dating 17-year-old Kelly Anne Bates. Over the period of 4 weeks, Smith gouged her eyes, scalded her skin, partially scalped her, mutilated and killed her. The pathologist in charge of the case described her injuries as the worst he...CO A 169th Regt OVI children: Abram C (d 8-9-1890 age 35) , Ann E, Alice J, Emma P Fraizer James P. Smith, an old and highly respected resident of Chester township, died at 1 o'clock Monday afternoon, after a short illness of typhoid fever. He was 70 years of age. His wife died two years ago, and he leaves five... Smith, James Patterson was born on April 20, 1948 in Danville, Kentucky, United States. Son of James Aaron and Mary Lin (Patterson) Smith. Education Bachelor in History, Mississippi College, 1971. Master of Arts in History, Vanderbilt University, 1973. Doctor of Philosophy in History, Vanderbilt University, 1984. Career Due popular demand by our viewers, we recount the tragic death of Kelly Anne Bates - an English teenager who was murdered in Manchester, England at the age of 17 by her abuser and live in partner, James Patterson Smith, who was roughly 30 years her senior. best british crime writersoil company profileSMITH, Mr. James Patterson Sr., 84, of Mechanicsville, departed this life on April 17, 2020. Jim was preceded in death by his beloved wife, Nancy Smith; his brother, Bobby Smith; Apr 21, 2020 · SMITH, Mr. James Patterson Sr., 84, of Mechanicsville, departed this life on April 17, 2020. Jim was preceded in death by his beloved wife, Nancy Smith; his brother, Bobby Smith; www.jamespatterson.com. James Brendan Patterson (born March 22, 1947) is an American author and philanthropist. Patterson founded the James Patterson PageTurner Awards in 2005 to donate over $100,000 that year to people, companies, schools, and other institutions that find original and...Want exclusive content, like free chapters, news, and sweepstakes? Register for the newsletter here! James Brendan Patterson (born March 22, 1947) is an American author. He is largely known for his novels about fictional psychologist Alex Cross, the protagonist of the Alex Cross series. Patterson also wrote the Michael Bennett, Women's Murder Club, Maximum Ride, Daniel X, and Witch and Wizard series, as well as many s Apr 06, 2022 · She had been starved, losing at least 44 pounds, and had not been given any water for several days before her death. Her documented injuries are as follows: Scalding to her buttocks and left leg Burns on her thigh caused by the application of a hot iron A fractured arm Multiple stab wounds caused by knives, forks and scissors This memorial website was created in the memory of our loved one, James Smith, 84, born on December 4th, 1935 and passed away on April 17th, 2020. We will remember him forever. Leave a Tribute Leave a Tribute James Patterson books. Книги С Таинственным Сюжетом. Walmart.2 to the 10th power and 666 dead athletes. The so-called health professionals running the COVID vaccine programs around the world keep repeating that "the COVID vaccine is a normal vaccine and it is safe and effective." Gary Dempsey, professional soccer player played 500 games over 20 years...James Patterson, bestselling author of the Alex Cross novels Along Came a Spider, Kiss the Girls, and Pop Her friends brave a journey to blazing hot Death Valley, CA, to save Angel, but soon enough When millionaire Chaz Smith is mercilessly gunned down, she discovers that the murder weapon is...James Patterson Smith had a violent history. In his 40s, he started dating 17-year-old Kelly Anne Bates. Over the period of 4 weeks, Smith gouged her eyes, scalded her skin, partially scalped her, mutilated and killed her. The pathologist in charge of the case described her injuries as the worst he had ever seen. Smith was convicted and ... travels by narrowboat wikipedia Although a life-long Democrat, he served as a school-desegregation adviser to the Republican administration of President Nixon, as well as a friend, adviser, and appointee of several Mississippi governors. James Patterson Smith is an associate professor of history at the University of Southern Mississippi. Sep 08, 2010 · James Richard Patterson adored husband, devoted father, and Papa passed away September 8, 2010 and took our hearts with him. There are no words that can describe a man like our Papa. A man that gave 110% to everyone and everything in his life. Jim married Joy Smith Patterson on May 7, 1960, celebrating 50 wonderful years together. Smith, born in Edinburgh in 1936, had entered the shop on Friday 4 May 1962 [1] and battered 58-year-old Cross to death in order to rob her of around £6 from the till. A total of 5 glass screw-top orangeade and cherryade bottles (made by Wild Bros of Heywood) were used to club the victim, each of which shattered to pieces as a result. James Patterson Smith had a violent history. In his 40s, he started dating 17-year-old Kelly Anne Bates. Over the period of 4 weeks, Smith gouged her eyes, scalded her skin, partially scalped her, mutilated and killed her. The pathologist in charge of the case described her injuries as the worst he...About James Patterson Smith .Toggle navigation. HOME; BOOKS. Browse by Subject; New Releases; New in Paperback. James Paterson, 24, stamped on the stomach of one mum-to-be, tried to set another on fire, raped two of them and throttled all three. He slammed the three-month-old boy against a headboard and. On April 16, 1996, middle-aged James Smith drowned his 17-year-old girlfriend, Kelly-Anne, in the bath.⁣ ⁣ Kelly-Anne had been brutally tortured by James for around 4 weeks prior to being murdered.⁣ ⁣⁣ Detective Sergeant Joseph Monaghan said he has never seen a case as horrific as this in his 15 years on the police force.⁣ ⁣⁣⁣ 2 to the 10th power and 666 dead athletes. The so-called health professionals running the COVID vaccine programs around the world keep repeating that "the COVID vaccine is a normal vaccine and it is safe and effective." Gary Dempsey, professional soccer player played 500 games over 20 years... best chill album reddit May 23, 2017 · The Florida man who claimed his girlfriend choked to death during oral sex was found not guilty of second-degree murder Monday. Richard Patterson, 65, of Margate, was acquitted of killing 60-year-o… CO A 169th Regt OVI children: Abram C (d 8-9-1890 age 35) , Ann E, Alice J, Emma P Fraizer James P. Smith, an old and highly respected resident of Chester township, died at 1 o'clock Monday afternoon, after a short illness of typhoid fever. He was 70 years of age. His wife died two years ago, and he leaves five... Apr 21, 2020 · SMITH, Mr. James Patterson Sr., 84, of Mechanicsville, departed this life on April 17, 2020. Jim was preceded in death by his beloved wife, Nancy Smith; his brother, Bobby Smith; 1 November 2015 · This man James Patterson Smith is a coward and Monster, who blinded and crippled and then tortured and murdered kelly anne bates ! He cant pick on a man so to satisy his spineless small dick he picks on women ! Wish his mother saw this , a total pathetic useless trash that this man has become , a brutal pedophilic murderer . James Patterson Smith 1 November 2015 · This man James Patterson Smith is a coward and Monster, who blinded and crippled and then tortured and murdered kelly anne bates ! He cant pick on a man so to satisy his spineless small dick he picks on women ! On April 16, 1996, middle-aged James Smith drowned his 17-year-old girlfriend, Kelly-Anne, in the bath.⁣ ⁣ Kelly-Anne had been brutally tortured by James for around 4 weeks prior to being murdered.⁣ ⁣⁣ Detective Sergeant Joseph Monaghan said he has never seen a case as horrific as this in his 15 years on the police force.⁣ ⁣⁣⁣ James Patterson smith is a horrible abuser man. Obviously with a sociopathic psycho like Smith, it would be difficult as a child to realize what he is doing since he knows perfectly how to manipulate children and most children want to see the best in people because of our naïveté making that a...James Patterson Smith, 49, was found guilty of murdering Kelly Anne Bates at the home they shared in Gorton, Greater Manchester, in the north west. He had gouged out her eyes, probably with his hands, up to three weeks before her death and stabbed her in the face and body with scissors and forks...I really hope that was after death. If one thing makes me wince in these scenarios it's the thought of having your eyes pulled out and feeling every single bit of it. EDIT: I read on... The pathologist determined that her eyes had been removed "not less than five days and not more than three weeks...Apr 06, 2022 · She had been starved, losing at least 44 pounds, and had not been given any water for several days before her death. Her documented injuries are as follows: Scalding to her buttocks and left leg Burns on her thigh caused by the application of a hot iron A fractured arm Multiple stab wounds caused by knives, forks and scissors Bestselling author James Patterson apologized on twitter after authors and publishing industry professionals criticized him for suggesting that Patterson — whose autobiography will be published by Hachette Book Group imprint, Little, Brown & Co., this week — faced backlash for comments he...This memorial website was created in the memory of our loved one, James Smith, 84, born on December 4th, 1935 and passed away on April 17th, 2020. We will remember him forever. Leave a Tribute Leave a Tribute Hollywood actor David Carradine was found dead in his room at the Swissôtel Nai Lert Park Hotel on Wireless Road, near Sukhumvit Road, in central Two autopsies were conducted, one involving the celebrity pathologist Pornthip Rojanasunan, and both concluded that the death was not a suicide.Features. James Patterson: 'The Hollywood adaptations of my books suck'. News. Patterson, Scholastic team up on new literary initiative. Bill Clinton and James Patterson's new novel can't get much sillier. News. Richard Robinson, longtime Scholastic CEO, dead at 84.... James Patterson Smith. That would mean that when James and Kelly Anne started dating he was 48 years old and she was 14. Hace 3 años. 15 years after the tragic death of Laci Peterson, Fox News revisits the murder case that gripped the nation. lxc for windowsWant exclusive content, like free chapters, news, and sweepstakes? Register for the newsletter here! Discover more posts about James-Patterson-Smith. After realising that Bates was dead, Smith went to the police station and said he had accidentally killed her after an argument. She had been kept locked in the house and brutally tortured for up to a month prior to her death.Dec 07, 2021 · James Patterson Obituary. Here is James Patterson’s obituary. Please accept Echovita’s sincere condolences. We are sad to announce that on November 30, 2021, James Patterson (Newport News, Virginia) passed away. Family and friends are welcome to send flowers or leave their condolences on this memorial page and share them with the family. James Patterson Smith 1948-? James P. Smith era divorziato e disoccupato, viveva a Gorton, nell'area di Manchester. Veniva descritto come "casalingo e ben curato", era astemio e non fumatore.Sep 08, 2010 · James Richard Patterson adored husband, devoted father, and Papa passed away September 8, 2010 and took our hearts with him. There are no words that can describe a man like our Papa. A man that gave 110% to everyone and everything in his life. Jim married Joy Smith Patterson on May 7, 1960, celebrating 50 wonderful years together. spontaneous remission metastatic cancerJames Patterson Smith takes us through life and death accounts of storm day, August 29, 2005, and the precarious days of food and water shortages that followed. Along the way the narrative treats us to inspiring episodes of neighborly compassion and creative responses to the greatest natural disaster in...Author James Patterson appears at an event to promote his joint novel with former president Bill Clinton, "The President is Missing," on June 5 As James Patterson reflected on the state of the writing world today, the best-selling thriller novelist with an estimated net worth of roughly $800 million...James Patterson Smith. Smith was divorced and had a violent history towards young women. One girl, only 20 was beaten while pregnant with his child. The next was a 15 year old whom he tried to drown in the kitchen sink. Kelly Anne Bates. Bates had kept her relationship with Smith secret for two...www.jamespatterson.com. James Brendan Patterson (born March 22, 1947) is an American author and philanthropist. Patterson founded the James Patterson PageTurner Awards in 2005 to donate over $100,000 that year to people, companies, schools, and other institutions that find original and...James Patterson Smith, 49, was found guilty of murdering Kelly Anne Bates at the home they shared in Gorton, Greater Manchester, in the north west. He had gouged out her eyes, probably with his hands, up to three weeks before her death and stabbed her in the face and body with scissors and forks...Smith's real name was James Patterson Smith and he was much older than Kelly's mom had suspected. Smith was actually 48-years-old, making him over 30 Smith denied having anything to do with Kelly's murder and stuck to his story that her death was a result of accidental drowning, but he...James Patterson Smith, author of Hurricane Katrina: The Mississippi Story, on LibraryThing. James Patterson Smith is currently considered a "single author." If one or more works are by a distinct, homonymous authors, go ahead and split the author.1 November 2015 · This man James Patterson Smith is a coward and Monster, who blinded and crippled and then tortured and murdered kelly anne bates ! He cant pick on a man so to satisy his spineless small dick he picks on women ! Wish his mother saw this , a total pathetic useless trash that this man has become , a brutal pedophilic murderer . Dec 07, 2021 · James Patterson Obituary. Here is James Patterson’s obituary. Please accept Echovita’s sincere condolences. We are sad to announce that on November 30, 2021, James Patterson (Newport News, Virginia) passed away. Family and friends are welcome to send flowers or leave their condolences on this memorial page and share them with the family. James Patterson smith is a horrible abuser man. Obviously with a sociopathic psycho like Smith, it would be difficult as a child to realize what he is doing since he knows perfectly how to manipulate children and most children want to see the best in people because of our naïveté making that a... get undercover canopy xa